Lazy Eye Treatment in Delhi
Lazy Eye or Amblyopia
Lazy Eye begins during early childhood. Therefore, it is important that during childhood itself clear images are formed in the eye and are sent to the brain, so that the child’s vision develops normally. If there is a problem with this development, it may result in impaired vision (Amblyopia). In most cases, only one eye is affected. But in some cases, reduced visual acuity can occur in both eyes and this condition is called Ametropic Amblyopia. If Lazy Eye is detected early in life and promptly treated, reduced vision can be avoided. But if left untreated, it can cause severe visual disability in the affected eye, including loss of vision.
Light rays travel through the lens at the front of the eye, and form images on the retina, which is a light sensitive surface at the back of the eye. The retina sends messages to the brain so that it recognises the objects we are seeing. During early childhood years, it is important that clear images are formed in the eye so that the child’s vision develops normally.
Squint Eye is said to be the common cause of Amblyopia. So if you notice your child has crossed eyes or eye misalignment, schedule an immediate appointment with an ophthalmologist.
It may also be caused due to refractive error (spectacle power poor focussing of light occurs due to short-sightedness (myopia), long-sightedness (hypermetropia), or astigmatism (where the surface of the lens is uneven, causing blurred vision) and there is a difference of refraction in each eye. Usually, both eyes are affected to the same degree.
Ametropic Amblyopia usually occurs when a child has large, uncorrected refractive errors. The image that is produced on the retina is blurred as a result of undetected long-sightedness or Astigmatism.
Stimulus Deprivation Amblyopia
It is the rarest and the most severe form of Amblyopia. It is caused when one or both eyes become lazy due to:
- An eye disease such as a corneal ulcer or scar
- A congenital cataract (clouding of the lens of the eye present from birth)
- A droopy eye lid (ptosis or blepharoptosis)
Ideally, Amblyopia needs to be diagnosed and treated as early as possible, preferably before the age of six. However, it can be difficult to know if a child has a Lazy Eye because they often do not realise there is anything wrong with their vision. Therefore, it is important to get your child’s eyes examined before they start school.
It is important to diagnose Lazy Eye at earlier stage because if the treatment is started after the age of eight, it is unlikely to be as successful.
At Hitech eye centres, we offer the best Lazy Eye Treatment in India. There are a number of different treatments, Lazy Eye Treatment for Adults too, that can be used in order to make the affected eye work.
Treatment Options To Correct Amblyopia
- Treating, or correcting, any underlying eye problems, and
- Making the affected eye work so that vision can develop properly
Treating underlying eye problems
- Using a patch: A patch is placed over the good eye so that the Lazy Eye is forced to work. The length of time the child will need to wear the patch will depend on how old he/she is, and the severity of the problem. While the patch is on, the child is asked to do close-up activities, such as coloring, reading or schoolwork. Patches can be worn with glasses.
- Eye drops: With the help of eye drops, the vision in the good eye is blurred. They should be used once a day.
- Eye surgery: If the condition is caused due to Squint or Cataract, surgery may be required.
- Vision therapy: Through this treatment, your child’s vision is developed. It involves using exercises and games that require your child to use his/her affected eye.